Hai Phong, the “Red Flamboyant City”, is the main industrial hub and biggest port in North Vietnam (accounting for 98 percent of North Vietnam’s throughput in 2014). One of the five centrally-controlled cities at the province level, Hai Phong’s municipality is the third largest city in the country, after Ho Chi Minh City and Hanoi. It is also one of the most crowded cities in Vietnam, with 1,946,000 inhabitants as of 2014. Like Nha Trang and Binh Duong, Hai Phong’s economy is quickly becoming a powerhouse. The city is largely responsible for an 88 percent increase in throughput seen in Northern Vietnam between 2008 and 2014. Much of this success can be attributed to the strategic coastal position of the city, the development of import/export activity via its seven seaports, and its latest improvements to infrastructure.
By: Aysha Nesbitt
On May 6, LG Display Group, a subsidiary of South Korea’s LG Electronics, pledged US $1.5 billion to establish a screen factory in Hai Phong. Launching next year, the factory will produce high-tech digital displays using LG’s organic light emitting diodes. This investment comes just a year after LG opened a US $1.5 billion factory in Hai Phong and follows similar investments from the likes of Samsung and Nokia.
Over the past four years, Vietnam’s electronics sector has grown by 78 percent, becoming the country’s number one export in 2013. With pro-foreign investment policies and a competitive labor force, Vietnamese electronics production has also quickly surpassed regional rivals such as Thailand and the Philippines and is expected to grow at a modest five percent over the next two years, positioning Vietnam to surpass Singapore as the region’s fifth largest electronics exporter.
HANOI – In the first quarter of 2014, the northern port city of Haiphong attracted more than US$235 million in FDI. The city licensed 11 newly registered projects and saw five existing projects register to increase their level of investment capital. The projects’ investment areas included support industries, housing construction, services, trade and automobile spare parts manufacturing.
As of February 2014, the port city had 400 effective FDI projects worth US$8 billion in total registered capital.
By Samantha Jones and Julia Gu
May 29 – Vietnam is composed of 63 provinces and five centrally-governed cities, which stand on the same administrative level as provinces (namely Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Can Tho, Da Nang and Hai Phong). The General Statistics Office of Vietnam further groups these provinces and cities into eight regions, listed below:
- Red River Delta
- Mekong River Delta
- North Central Coast
- South Central Coast
- Central Highlands
Nov. 17 – The Vietnamese government approved and outlined plans for two new international airports in a meeting chaired by Deputy Prime Minister Hoang Trung Hai on Monday – one in the southern province of Dong Nai and one in the northern port city of Haiphong.
Construction on Dong Nai’s Long Thanh International Airport has been structured into two phases with the first phase scheduled to be completed by 2020 and the second phase to be finished by 2035. The airport is projected to handle 3 million tons of cargo and between 80 million to 100 million passengers annually.
Oct. 18 – Vietnam’s first wind power turbine production factory, a US$61 million dollar project, was inaugurated at the Nomura Industrial Zone in the port city of Haiphong on October 15.
Invested in by General Electric, the factory is the first step of a larger initiative to address growing global demand for clean energy sources.
Sept. 7 – The country’s flag carrier, Vietnam Airlines, has announced it will slash fares on domestic flights by 50 percent from September 15 to October 30.
The heavily discounted rates will include routes coming from the capital, Hanoi and the financial center, Ho Chi Minh City. The discounted prices will range from VND400,000 to VND860,000 per flight following the routes below:
Aug. 3 – Electronic customs declaration and clearance is now available for trade passing by the Lao Cai border gate beginning August 1.
The province is the eleventh one to adopt the process for trading goods.This will make it easier for companies selling goods to China via the Lao Cai border to easily declare customs procedures and have the option to pay fees on a monthly or per customs declaration form basis.
Lao Cai Province’s main economic activities include agriculture and forestry. It is trying to attract more foreign direct investment in the area while developing cross-border trade with China and ecotourism.
Apr. 27 – Vietnam will waive visa fees for foreign visitors to the country from August to September as part of the “Impressive Vietnam Grand Sale 2010” campaign.
Foreign tourists can claim a refund of value added tax when they buy goods during the two month program. Tourist-related businesses in Hanoi, Danang, and Ho Chi Minh City will also offer 10 to 40 percent discount for local and foreign tourists during the campaign.
Mar. 4 – The Ministry of Industry and Trade plans to limit car imports by implementing regulations that would help cut down its trade deficit.
The new restrictions will affect the importation of cars with less than 16 seats which make up majority of total cars imported from abroad and require that they pass quality tests by the authorities. Cars imported to the country will only be allowed to enter via the major seaports of Cai Lan, Quang Ninh, Haiphong, Danang, Ho Chi Minh City and Ba Ria-Vung Tau.