Vietnam, China Complete Border Demarcation

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Feb. 24 – China and Vietnam have completed the final demarcation of their land border located at the Youyiguan border gate in Pingxiang City in south China’s Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.

The border, spanning 1,300-kilometers, begins at the junction of China, Vietnam and Laos and continues along the Beilun River to the coast.

On the Chinese side is Yunnan Province and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region while on the Vietnamese side is Cao Bang, Lang Son, Dien Bien, Lai Chau, Lao Cai, Ha Giang, Guang Ninh.

According to a statement from China’s Foreign Ministry, the completion of the demarcation would be conducive to peace and stability of the border area, promote trade and exchanges, and push forward their comprehensive and strategic partnership of the two countries.

The border dispute issue spans back to as early as the late 19th century when Chian’s Qing Dynasty and the French colonial administration in Vietnam signed on a treaty delineating the border.

In the 1970s, border negotiations began again only to be suspended and resumed in the early 1990s when China and Vietnam resumed negotiations on a new treaty based on the 19th century treaty. The final land boundary treaty was finalized on Dec. 30, 1999 and demarcation work began in 2001, only to finish last year.